What is tubal ligation?

One of the most common sterilization techniques chosen by women is tubal ligation. Also called “tubal ligation”, its purpose is to close the fallopian tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus, so that sperm can not access them. Thus women to undergo this surgery is sterile and can be done in different ways.

All you need to know about tubal ligation

Patients more often undergo this technique are older women who do not want to increase the family. This is the most effective method to prevent pregnancy (99.5% efficiency), and among its most notable benefits are the fact that it reduces the risk of ovarian cancer. In fact, many patients decide completely removed the tubes to further reduce this danger.

Sometimes you can reverse this operation to re-offer the possibility of pregnancy, as most women who undergo tubal re-canalization can return to have children. But it is a complicated procedure, so it is advisable to go mental well before entering the operating room. In addition, always you performed in a hospital quality and by a qualified surgeon.

There are several techniques to perform this surgery, the most common minilaparotomy and laparoscopy. In them the narrowest part of the tubes is cut, cauterized or blocked with rings, staples or bands. This is a very common operation, about 30 minutes long, and it can be used for general or local anesthesia, depending on the type of assistance to be carried out.

During that period, the surgeon makes one or two short incisions in the abdomen, around the navel, through which air is pumped to expand the area and gain greater visibility. A probe is introduced with a built-in camera on the end, whereby instruments include block the tubes. A small part of them is burned and stamped with these special tools.

Other procedures are hysterectomies, culpotomías, hysteroscopy, laparotomy and culdoscopías. Each of them involves some risk and possesses different benefits. In none of these cases it is usually necessary that the woman operated long stay in the hospital, but you should save rest for the next two or three days. It is recommended also that not having sex for a week to prevent infection and other problems.

Among the most common risks of tubal ligation we found increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, if it occurs after the operation. Another would be incomplete closure of the tubes, so that pregnancy is still possible (it is estimated that this problem occurs in about 1 in 200 women). Finally, we must be aware that this method does not protect us from sexually transmitted diseases.

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