It is one of the most popular places to visit in the world as a tourist but the history of the country Turkey is one of the longest and most complicated that there is. The land itself of the region has been through the hands of many Empires and civilisation so much so that it’s quite tricky to pin it down as to when it starts. For example, modern Turkey, as you would know it now, only really begins in 1923 but the people, the Turks, have been in existence for hundreds of years. One of the best ways to view the country, and it’s hugely varied heritage, is to pay a visit to Kas Holiday Villas to see about getting a place suitable to stay when there. Here is an attempt but by no means a comprehensive article about the history of Modern Turkey.
Modern Turkey, the Republic of Turkey as it is recognised by the world, comes out of the ashes of World War one. The Ottoman Empire, which contained the Turkish people and ranged from Modern Turkey through Greece, the Balkans and ending in Austria, was on the side of the German and Austrian army. After the defeat of German Turkey was occupied by various Allied forces. This was not acceptable to the Turkish people, especially the accomplished and decorated military leader Mustafa Kemal. He led a war of Independence for Turkey and this was successful with the final victory in 1923. A new capital in Ankara was established and the Ottoman Empire was official ended. This heralded in a new era for the country including a new alphabet based on Latin and the women were established as political equals in society. The Empire’s leaders were removed and the Republic was formed and formally recognised by the world as being the one true authority. Kemal was renamed Ataturk meaning Father of the Turks.
It proved to be a good thing for the world. Turkey, although it was trading heavily with the country at the time, would not join with German again and refused to participate in the Second World War, remaining neutral. It did not allow the German troops access to the USSR or Syria to fight and even declared war on German, symbolically, at the end of the War giving it access to join the United Nations after the war.
The republic has had a turbulent time seeing suspensions of democracy and the odd coup but after the economy was opened up in the late 1980’s it been stable and played and active part in NATO and is still seeking to join the European Union.